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Broken heart syndrome: All about Takosubo myocardia

Discover what causes it and how to recognize broken heart syndrome, a pathology with a woman’s face.

The broken heart syndrome or Takosubo cardiomyopathy is a heart condition are symptoms similar to an acute myocardial infarction. High stress is the main cause of broken heart syndrome, to which women are more vulnerable.

According to medical data, approximately 9 out of 10 people with broken heart syndrome are women, especially during menopause. A strong and unexpected emotional shake can also be a risk factor for a disorder that, although less frequent and with less severe less severe consequences, also weakens the heart.

The stress cardiomyopathy Takosubo or transient apical dysfunction, was first described in Japan in the early 90s takes its name from a vessel dished body and a narrow neck that was used for fishing octopus, and reminiscent of the way adopts the part of the heart affected by this ailment, the left ventricle.

Causes broken heart syndrome

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Stress has negative consequences for health, greater the higher or continuous over time. Stress, psychic or physical, causes our body to produce more catecholamines, such as adrenaline, and its accumulation has direct effects on the cardiovascular system, such as increased blood pressure and heart rate.

Anxiety, accumulation of negative emotions and emotional shock when receiving unexpected news (the death of a loved one, a medical diagnosis …) can cause a sudden rise in adrenaline, with the same consequences.

The accumulation of stress, coupled with hormonal changes during menopause and, in some cases, depression associated with the death or loss of the couple, explain to a large extent the greater vulnerability of women to this disorder.

Symptoms of broken heart syndrome

  • Feeling short of breath
  • Strong chest pain
  • Cold sweat
  • Dilation of the pupils
  • Pain in the left arm
  • Increased blood pressure
  • An increase in cardiac frequency
  • Fatigue without apparent cause
  • Drowsiness in the afternoon
  • Swelling of legs

Treatment for broken heart syndrome

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The best treatment for broken heart syndrome is prevention, in this case, learning to avoid stress and improve mood. Adopting healthy habits, such as practicing physical exercise and a balanced diet, helps control stress.

The prognosis of broken heart syndrome is usually benign and the patient recovers in a few weeks.

Being a syndrome still unknown in many aspects, the treatment is adapted to each patient in order to control the symptoms, being in some cases advisable to prescribe blockers of the effects of adrenaline.

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